Photovoltaic mounting systems are used to fix solar panels on surfaces like roofs, building facades, or the ground. These mounting systems generally enable retrofitting of solar panels on roofs or as part of the structure of the building. Different type of structure are
The solar array of a PV system can be mounted on rooftops, generally with a few inches gap and parallel to the surface of the roof. If the rooftop is horizontal, the array is mounted with each panel aligned at an angle.
Ground-mounted PV systems are usually large, utility-scale photovoltaic power stations. The PV array consists of solar modules held in place by racks or frames that are attached to ground-based mounting supports.
Mounting as a Shade Structure
Solar panels can also be mounted as shade structures where the solar panels can provide shade instead of patio covers.